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The Cambridge History of China Vol. 9: the Ch'ing Dynasty to 1800, Part Two

The Cambridge History of China Vol. 9: the Ch'ing Dynasty to 1800, Part Two

Sous la direction de

Peterson Willard


Cambridge University Press

185,00 €

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Paru le : 05 Avril 2016
Pages : 830
EAN 13 : 9780521243353

Volume 9, Part 2 of The Cambridge History of China is the second of two volumes which together explore the political, social and economic developments of the Ch'ing Empire during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries prior to the arrival of Western military power. Across fifteen chapters, a team of leading historians explore how the eighteenth century's greatest contiguous empire in terms of geographical size, population, wealth, cultural production, political order and military domination peaked and then began to unravel. The book sheds new light on the changing systems deployed under the Ch'ing dynasty to govern its large, multi-ethnic Empire and surveys the dynasty's complex relations with neighbouring states and Europe. In this compelling and authoritative account of a significant era of early modern Chinese history, the volume illustrates the ever-changing nature of the Ch'ing Empire, and provides context for the unforeseeable challenges that the nineteenth century would bring.

List of Contents

Introduction: The Ch'ing dynasty, the Ch'ing empire, andthe Great Ch'ing integrated domain 1
by Willard J. Peterson

1 Governing provinces 16
by R. Kent Guy

The Shun-chih reign: taking over from the Ming government
The K'ang-hsi reign: empowering civilian governors
The Yung-cheng reign: controlling governors from the center
The Ch'ien-lung reign: subordinating governors and extracting wealth

2 Taiwan prefecture in the eighteenth century
by John Robert Shepherd

Ch'ing taxation and administration of aborigines
Restrictions on immigration
The Chu I-kuei rebellion of 1721
Colonization policy debates in the post-rebellion period
The Ta-chia-hsi and Wu Fu-sheng revolts of 1731–2
The role of the plains aborigines
The growth of Han settler society
The Lin Shuang-wen rebellion and its aftermath

3 The Extension of Ch'ing rule over Mongolia, Sinkiang, and Tibet, 1636–1800
by Nicola Di Cosmo

The Ch'ing expansion in Inner Asia
The Li-fan yuan ¨ 's structure and functions

4 Tributary relations between the Choson and Ch'ing courts to 1800
by Lim Jongtae

The uneasy tributary situation in late Ming
Manchu leaders force changes in the tributary relation
Choson as the model tributary state of the Ch'ing?
Tributary relations in practice
Korea's divided loyalty
Korean tribute embassies as the medium for cultural transfers
Trade between Korea and the Ch'ing
Cultural transfers to Korea and their impact in the eighteenth century

5 The emergence of the state of Vietnam
by John K. Whitmore and Brian Zottoli

Governments under competing families Effects of contacts with the Ch'ing regime on state development in Vietnam
Socioeconomic forces and political crises
The rise of the new state of Vietnam

6 Cultural transfers between Tokugawa Japan and Ch'ing China to 1800 234
by Benjamin A. Elman

Tokugawa assessments of the effects of the Manchu conquest
Chinese learning and Tokugawa society
Appropriation of Ming–Ch'ing law and the “Sacred edict”
Medical practice and medical philology in eighteenth-century Japan
Japanese editions of books in Chinese and their way back to the Ch'ing empire

7 Ch'ing relations with maritime Europeans
by John E. Wills, Jr. and John L. Cranmer-Byng

Early Ch'ing, 1644–90
Peaceful expansion, 1690–1740 2
Patterns of trade through the eighteenth century
The turn to restrictions, 1740–1780
New directions, 1780–1800
Some conclusions

8 Catholic missionaries, 1644–1800
by John W. Witek

Schall encounters Yang Kuang-hsien
The Canton conference
The K'ang-hsi emperor and Verbiest
French Jesuits at the Ch'ing court
Maigrot's directive
Papal legations to the Ch'ing court
Western medicine and map-making
The second papal legation and its aftermath
The Yung-cheng emperor and Christianity
The missions and the Ch'ien-lung emperor

9 Calendrical learning and medicine, 1600–1800
by Chu Pingyi

Calendrical learning

10 Taoists, 1644–1850
by Vincent Goossaert

Political control of Taoism under the Ch'ing
Cheng-i clergy and Chang Heavenly Master
The Ch'uan-chen clergy
Temples and rituals in local society
Lay Taoist practices

11 Arguments over learning based on intuitive knowing in early Ch'ing
by Willard J. Peterson

Liu Tsung-chou's legacy
Huang Tsung-hsi to 1678
The first generation probes Sung learning
The second and third generations of men focusing on moral self-cultivation
An epistemological mire

12 Advancement of learning in early Ch'ing: Three cases
by Willard J. Peterson

Fang I-chih looks to things
Ku Yen-wu exhibits a new model for learning
Wang Fu-chih thinks for himself about the past

13 Dominating learning from above during the K'ang-hsi period
by Willard J. Peterson

Government initiatives in sponsoring learning
High officials' individual initiatives
Individuals' contributions to learning in the new climate

14 Political pressures on the cultural sphere in the Ch'ing period
by Wang Fan-sen

Literary inquisitions and intimidations
Self-censorship in the production, publication, and consumption of texts
Effects of political pressures and self-censorship

15 Changing roles of local elites from the 1720s to the 1830s
by Seunghyun Han

Imposition of controls over local elites' contributions in the eighteenth century
Changing incidence of state recognition of contributions by local elites
Policies on enshrining local worthies
State control of publication of local gazetteers